4. Glossary

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Act or law:
A rule established by a sovereign authority (e.g., Parliament).

Assimilate:
Incorporate one group into the culture of another group.

Bilingualism:
A situation in which a country has two official languages. The ability to speak two languages. The result of learning two languages.

Bill:
A text submitted to Parliament that goes through several stages (debate, modification, adoption, etc.) before becoming a law.

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms:
Part of the Constitution that sets forth the fundamental rights and freedoms of Canadians. It protects these rights and freedoms from the actions and the laws of governments and promotes the values that underlie these rights.

Claim:
The act of demanding a right.

Constitution:
The supreme law of a country that determines, among other things, the country’s form of government and its citizens’ rights.

Globalization:
The liberalization of trade restrictions at the global level.

Legacy:
What one generation hands down to future generations; heritage.

Multiculturalism:
The co-existence of several cultures within a single country.

Override:
To act in contravention of a law.

Parliament:
The assembly, or set of chambers, that wields the federal legislative authority. Includes the House of Commons and the Senate.

Patriation of the Canadian Constitution:
British Parliament’s relinquishment in 1982 of all constitutional and legislative ties to Canada, giving Canada full political independence.

Policy:
A general statement or statement of principle that outlines the actions of a public or private organization in a given field.

Regulation:
A text that provides specific information on the more general principles and standards contained in laws.

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