Official Languages in Canada
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Industrialization and railway construction make this a period of prosperity for the province.
Talle-de-Saules (now Willow Bunch), Saint-Laurent-de-Grandin and Batoche leave their mark in Saskatchewan
These new communities, created by Métis families trying to preserve their semi-nomadic lifestyle, are established in regions that will later become part of Saskatchewan.
The first hospital in Western Canada starts out with only four beds to meet the health care needs of the people of the new province of Manitoba.
Mercier builds a trading post in the Yukon, and his efforts will have a major impact on the development of the territory.
An amendment to the Northwest Territories Act gives English and French equal status in the Legislative Assembly and before the courts
This means that English and French are on equal footing.
Imposing English and French at residential schools has a devastating impact on Indigenous languages and cultures in Canada.
The first Acadian national convention is held in Memramcook, New Brunswick, and will become the foundation of what modern Acadia is today.
August 15, 1881
August 15 is chosen as National Acadian Day.
The word “Saskatchewan” is derived from an anglicized version of a Cree word, kisiskâciwanisîpiy, meaning “swiftly flowing river.”
The flag becomes the symbol of the Acadians of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.
November 16, 1885
Louis Riel is at the centre of the Red River and North-West rebellions.
July 17, 1887
It is the leading Métis organization in Canada.
September 4, 1902
The organization’s mission is to preserve the richness of French-Canadian heritage.
The Agricultural Exhibition promotes education and excellence in agriculture.
September 1, 1905
Alberta becomes a province due in large part to the efforts of Sir Frederick William Alpin Gordon Haultain, a lawyer and member of the Council of the Northwest Territories and the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories.
The community takes root on the banks of the Fraser River east of Vancouver.
Between 1904 and 1911, explorer Joseph-Elzéar Bernier leads four expeditions to the Arctic for the Canadian government.
Because they are a minority in Western Canada, French and French-Canadian pioneers seek to preserve their language.
The Société is created in Duck Lake, with the goal of bringing together French Canadians in Saskatchewan in order to promote, protect and defend their interests and their rights.
August 4, 1914
When the United Kingdom goes to war, Canada—a British dominion—is also officially at war. The war deepens the divide between English and French Canada like never before. In 1918, the Military Service Act will impose conscription on all Canadian men between the ages of 20 and 45 for overseas service.
The 22nd (French Canadian) infantry battalion plays a historic role during the war.
The Société Saint-Thomas-d’Aquin is the voice of Prince Edward Island’s Acadian and Francophone community.
French-Canadian migrants and French, Belgian and Swiss immigrants settle in Saskatchewan.
December 13, 1925
More than 400 people from all over Alberta lay the foundation for a new association.
October 22, 1926
The first meeting of the secret society of the Commandeurs de l’Ordre de Jacques-Cartier is held in Ontario
The society is a reflection of a certain amount of frustration among French Canadians who feel that their rights are being ignored.
To mark the 60th anniversary of Confederation, Canada Post issues a series of five stamps.
Legislative amendments by the government require the Bank of Canada to issue bilingual coins and banknotes.
September 10, 1939
Despite some difficulties, the interests of both language communities are better represented than they were during the First World War.
The linguistic imbalance that has existed since the late 19th century worsens in the Northwest Territories
The Arctic is chosen as the site for a distant early warning line against possible Soviet attacks.
January 15, 1959
Starting on January 15, 1959, all speeches, questions and debates by all Parliamentarians, regardless of their political affiliation, are translated simultaneously.
Louis Robichaud will serve three terms, until 1970.
September 10, 1960
It begins as a gathering of about 30 people involved in defending Quebec’s rights; a few weeks later, the Rassemblement pour l’indépendance nationale publishes its manifesto.
The mandate of the Royal Commission is to inquire into and report on the existing state of bilingualism and biculturalism in Canada. In a way, this is the start of the bilingualism adventure.
Villa Youville is a not-for-profit community corporation.
General Jean Victor Allard rises to the rank of Chief of Defence Staff and helps to usher in a series of changes to make the Canadian Armed Forces more functionally bilingual.
The Estates General take place in Montréal, Quebec, from November 23 to 27, 1967.
The Fédération acadienne de la Nouvelle-Écosse is a not-for-profit organization dedicated to promoting the growth and global development of Nova Scotia’s Acadian and French-speaking community.
Federal government regional offices with bilingual staff open in Frobisher Bay, Northwest Territories
In 1970, many federal public servants in the region speak French, as do almost all of the employees at Bell Canada’s new regional office.
The first Commissioner would play an important role in implementing the Official Languages Act.
The term “Fransaskois” is coined by Father Jean Patoine of Edmonton. It was not until the late 1970s, however, that Franco-Saskatchewanians began identifying with the term “Fransaskois.”
The October Crisis occurs during a difficult time for Francophones in Quebec, who felt victimized by the power Anglophones held in society.
St. Boniface ceases to exist as an independent city and becomes a ward in the Manitoban capital.
The Commission of Inquiry on the Position of the French Language and on Language Rights in Quebec (also known as the Gendron Commission) issues its findings.
They are the Société des Acadiens du Nouveau-Brunswick and the Fédération des francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador.
Franco-Ontarians are the first after the Acadians to have their own flag.
The English-speaking community on Quebec’s Gaspé Coast founds the Committee for Anglophone Social Action
During this politically charged time in Quebec, English-speaking communities join forces to deal with the changes that are occurring.
With the creation of this organization, French-speaking minority communities across the country develop a common vision.
November 15, 1976
The Parti Québécois advocates independence for Quebec and protection of the French language.
The youth exchange program arranges community work placements across the country for thousands of young Canadians and encourages second-language learning.
During this period of constitutional turmoil, Commissioner Yalden stresses that language guarantees require greater tolerance on the part of Canadians than they have shown in the past.