Since 1867

Official Languages in Canada

Displaying 1 - 17 of 17 result(s)
Studio portrait of Mr. McCarthy
1892

English becomes the sole official language of the Northwest Territories

An ordinance and a resolution make English the only language permitted in schools and in the legislative assembly.
Indian School children, Mission at Hay River, N.W.T. 
1901

English-language education is made compulsory in the Northwest Territories

In the early 20th century, the population of the Northwest Territories is predominantly of British descent, but there is still a strong Métis presence.
1950

The linguistic imbalance that has existed since the late 19th century worsens in the Northwest Territories

The Arctic is chosen as the site for a distant early warning line against possible Soviet attacks.
Franco-ténois Flag
1978

The Fédération franco-ténoise is created

Founded in Yellowknife, the Fédération defends the interests of the Northwest Territories’ French-speaking community.
Sign for government-run eye clinic in Yellowknife, with all 11 official languages of the Northwest Territories
1984

The Northwest Territories passes its first official languages legislation

The Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories adopts the Official Languages Ordinance, giving English and French equal status in government services.
Aquilon newspaper's logo
1986

The newspaper L’Aquilon hits the stands in the Northwest Territories

The newspaper covers Franco-Ténois news and is a source of social, cultural and political information.
1988

In the Mercure and Paquette cases, the Supreme Court of Canada confirms bilingualism in Saskatchewan and Alberta

The Court recognizes that section 110 of the Northwest Territories Act still applies to those provinces.
1990

The Northwest Territories creates the Languages Commissioner position

The Languages Commissioner ensures that the territorial government’s institutions respect the Northwest Territories’ Official Languages Act.
Drapeau franco-ténois
1992

The Franco-Ténois flag is hoisted for the first time in the Northwest Territories

Mostly sky blue, the flag depicts a curved base with a polar bear looking at a symbol that is half fleur-de-lis and half snowflake.
1993

The first French-language educational program on Baffin Island is established

The French-language educational program is established by the Baffin Divisional Board of Education.
1997

The Conseil scolaire francophone des Territoires du Nord-Ouest is established

The Commission scolaire francophone des Territoires du Nord-Ouest (formerly the Conseil scolaire francophone des Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is the only school board in the Northwest Territories to provide the French as a first language program.
1999

Nunavut adopts the Northwest Territories’ Official Languages Act

On April 1, 1999, the newly created territory of Nunavut inherits the Northwest Territories’ Official Languages Act.
Canadian Parents for French logo
2003

The Northwest Territories branch of Canadian Parents for French is founded

It is the eleventh provincial/territorial branch of the Canadian Parents for French network.
Logo of Réseau TNO santé en français
2003

A French language health services network is created in the Northwest Territories

The mission of the Réseau TNO santé en français is to help improve access to French language health and social services for the Northwest Territories’ Francophone community.
2015

The Court of Appeal for the Northwest Territories rules on the scope of the government’s discretion regarding admission to French-language schools

The Court of Appeal for the Northwest Territories allowed the appeal and overturned the decision of the trial judge with regard to both the constitutionality of a ministerial directive affecting admission to French-language schools and the analysis of whether the numbers warranted expansion of École Boréale.