Since 1867

Official Languages in Canada

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New Brunswick passes the Common Schools Act, 1871

The Common Schools Act effectively removes public funding from separate Acadian schools.
Post stamps "Acadian"

Acadians assert themselves as a people with a distinct national identity

The first Acadian national convention is held in Memramcook, New Brunswick, and will become the foundation of what modern Acadia is today.
Image "Nous sommes tous Acadiens" "We are all Acadians"
August 15, 1881

National Acadian Day

August 15 is chosen as National Acadian Day.
Acadian Flag Drawing

A blue, white and red flag with a yellow star is raised in Miscouche, Prince Edward Island

The flag becomes the symbol of the Acadians of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.
Cabinet Meeting, Privy Council Chamber, East Block. The Hons. P.J. Veniot is seating to the left.

Pierre Veniot becomes Premier of New Brunswick

Pierre Veniot is New Brunswick’s first Acadian premier.
October 22, 1926

The first meeting of the secret society of the Commandeurs de l’Ordre de Jacques-Cartier is held in Ontario

The society is a reflection of a certain amount of frustration among French Canadians who feel that their rights are being ignored.

The Acadian Education Association is officially recognized at the 10th National Acadian Convention in Memramcook, New Brunswick

Although it was created in 1936 in Campbellton, New Brunswick, the Acadian Education Association will not officially begin its work until 1938.
The Maritime Premiers pose in Charlottetown (Prince-Edward-Island). Louis J. Robichaud is on the left.

An Acadian is elected Premier of New Brunswick

Louis Robichaud will serve three terms, until 1970.
Logo of the Festival Acadien de Caraquet

Caraquet holds its first Festival acadien

This annual festival is held on the Acadian Peninsula.
During the construction of the Arts building (around 1963). From left to right, Eric LeBlanc, Abbaey Landry, Père Clément Cormier, Camille LeBlanc.

The French-language Université de Moncton is founded

The Université de Moncton has campuses located in the three main French-speaking regions of the province: the northwest, northeast and southeast of New Brunswick.
The Maritime Premiers pose in Charlottetown (Prince-Edward-Island). Louis J. Robichaud is on the left.

New Brunswick marks a pivotal moment in the recognition of language rights

Under the leadership of Premier Louis Robichaud, the provincial government passes the Official Languages Act, making New Brunswick Canada’s first and only officially bilingual province.

Two important organizations are founded in Eastern Canada

They are the Société des Acadiens du Nouveau-Brunswick and the Fédération des francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador.

Moncton Mayor Leonard Jones challenges the validity of New Brunswick’s Official Languages Act

He asks the Supreme Court of Canada to render a decision on the authority of Parliament and the Government of New Brunswick to pass language legislation.
Centre communautaire Sainte-Anne's logo

The Centre communautaire Sainte-Anne officially opens in Fredericton, New Brunswick

This is the first school and community centre in Canada.
Convention d'orientation nationale des Acadiens. Edmunston (New Brunswick), 1979

The Société des Acadiens du Nouveau-Brunswick organizes the Convention d’orientation nationale

In Edmundston, New Brunswick, 1,200 delegates discuss the creation of an Acadian province and a more equitable share of political power.
"Make some noise for l'Acadie"
August 15, 1979

A tintamarre rings out in New Brunswick and beyond

On the 375th anniversary of Acadia, the Société des Acadiens du Nouveau-Brunswick revives the tintamarre tradition.
Jeux de l'Acadie Logo

The first Jeux de l’Acadie are held in Moncton, New Brunswick

A total of 327 young Francophones and Acadians from six regions of New Brunswick participate in this provincial event.

New Brunswick recognizes both official language communities

The Act Recognizing the Equality of the Two Official Linguistic Communities in New Brunswick is passed.

The report entitled Towards Equality of the Official Languages in New Brunswick is published

The Poirier-Bastarache report describes the findings of a New Brunswick task force on official languages.
Canadian Parents for French logo

The New Brunswick branch of Canadian Parents for French is founded

It is the ninth provincial/territorial branch of the Canadian Parents for French network.
L’Acadie nouvelle’s logo
June 7, 1984

New Brunswick’s independent French-language newspaper, Acadie Nouvelle, publishes its first edition

The first copies of the paper are delivered in 1984, and readership is still growing.

The first Summit of La Francophonie is held in Paris

Canada is represented by the federal government and the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick.
Old logo of Dialogue Nouveau-Brunswick

Dialogue New Brunswick is created

Dialogue New Brunswick sets itself apart from every other organization by eschewing political and economic goals.

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is amended

The Charter is amended to include the principles of An Act Recognizing the Equality of the Two Official Linguistic Communities in New Brunswick.

The first Ministerial Conference on Francophone Affairs is held

Held during the first Congrès mondial acadien (World Acadian Congress), this Conference provided an opportunity for provincial and territorial ministers responsible for Francophone affairs to discuss common issues.

The City of Moncton hosts the eighth Sommet de La Francophonie

New Brunswick, Canada’s only officially bilingual province, hosts this international meeting.
Logo of Jeux de la francophonie canadienne

The first Jeux de la francophonie canadienne are held

This sports and cultural event is held in the city of Memramcook in southeastern New Brunswick.
Bronze of Northrop Frye

The first Frye Festival is held

This bilingual international literary festival was created in honour of Northrop Frye (1912–1991), who grew up in Moncton, New Brunswick. It welcomes English- and French-speaking authors and attracts audiences from both official language communities.
New Brunswick Legislative Assembly

New Brunswick passes a new Official Languages Act

The new Act is a legislative milestone for the Government of New Brunswick.
Moncton City Hall
August 6, 2002

The City of Moncton, New Brunswick, becomes officially bilingual

It is the first Canadian city to show off its bilingualism!
Logo of Société Santé et Mieux-être en français du Nouveau-Brunswick

The Société Santé et Mieux-être en français du Nouveau-Brunswick is created

The Société Santé et Mieux-être en français du Nouveau-Brunswick improves and promotes health services and programs in New Brunswick’s Francophone and Acadian communities.
Michel A. Carrier
April 1, 2003

The Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages for New Brunswick opens its doors

Michel A. Carrier is New Brunswick’s first Commissioner of Official Languages.
December 10, 2003

A royal proclamation acknowledges the injustices inflicted on Acadians during their deportation

In her proclamation, Queen Elizabeth II acknowledges the tragic consequences of the deportation.
Bust of Samuel Champlain in Paris (France)

Acadia celebrates its 400th anniversary

Celebrations are held across Acadia.
Radio Radio in concert

The Estates General on Arts and Culture in Acadian Society is held in New Brunswick

These meetings will lead to the adoption of the Global Strategy for the Integration of Arts and Culture into Acadian Society in New Brunswick.
New Brunswick Legislative Assembly

New Brunswick plans to abolish early French immersion programs

Protests from New Brunswickers make the province reconsider its decision.
Sign of the Supreme Court of Canada

The Supreme Court of Canada clarifies the RCMP’s language obligations

The Court rules that the RCMP must respect the constitutional rights that the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms gives the citizens of New Brunswick.

New Brunswick courts acquit an accused because of language rights violations by a peace officer

The New Brunswick Court of Appeal confirmed an acquittal by a lower court based on a peace officer’s failure to make an active offer of service in both official languages to the accused.
Katherine d’Entremont

Katherine d’Entremont is appointed as second Commissioner of Official Languages for New Brunswick

Ms. d’Entremont served as Commissioner of Official Languages for New Brunswick from 2013 to 2018.
Nous sommes tous Acadiens-We are all Acadians

For the first time, the World Acadian Congress is held in two countries

Canada and the United States play host to the 5th quinquennial World Acadian Congress.
Michel A. Carrier

Michel A. Carrier returns as Commissioner of Official Languages for New Brunswick

He is appointed as Interim Commissioner after Commissioner Katherine d’Entremont retires.
Shirley MacLean

The new Commissioner of Official Languages for New Brunswick, Shirley MacLean

Ms. MacLean begins her seven-year mandate as Commissioner of Official Languages for New Brunswick, replacing Michel A. Carrier, who has served as Interim Commissioner since July 2018.