All events for 1960 – 1969
The Maritime Premiers pose in Charlottetown (Prince-Edward-Island). Louis J. Robichaud is on the left.

An Acadian is elected Premier of New Brunswick

Louis Robichaud will serve three terms, until 1970.
September 10, 1960

The Rassemblement pour l’indépendance nationale is founded in Quebec

It begins as a gathering of about 30 people involved in defending Quebec’s rights; a few weeks later, the Rassemblement pour l’indépendance nationale publishes its manifesto.
Logo of the Festival Acadien de Caraquet

Caraquet holds its first Festival acadien

This annual festival is held on the Acadian Peninsula.

The Royal Commission on Government Organization files its report

The 1960–1962 Royal Commission, also known as the Glassco Commission raises the issue of bilingualism in the public service.
M. Laurendeau and Mr. Dunton. 

Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson establishes the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism

The mandate of the Royal Commission is to inquire into and report on the existing state of bilingualism and biculturalism in Canada. In a way, this is the start of the bilingualism adventure.
During the construction of the Arts building (around 1963). From left to right, Eric LeBlanc, Abbaey Landry, Père Clément Cormier, Camille LeBlanc.

The French-language Université de Moncton is founded

The Université de Moncton has campuses located in the three main French-speaking regions of the province: the northwest, northeast and southeast of New Brunswick.

The Alberta School Act is amended

The amendment permits at least one hour of French instruction a day.

Villa Youville, a French-language seniors’ lodging and care home, opens

Villa Youville is a not-for-profit community corporation.
Photo of Jean Victor Allard

A French Canadian becomes the highest ranking officer in the Canadian military

General Jean Victor Allard rises to the rank of Chief of Defence Staff and helps to usher in a series of changes to make the Canadian Armed Forces more functionally bilingual.
Stamp made for the Pan-American Games, Winnipeg, 1967

Canada hosts the Pan American Games for the first time

From July 23 to August 6, Winnipeg, Manitoba, hosts the 5th Pan American Games.
Duff Roblin's portrait

Bill 59 regarding French-language instruction in Manitoba is passed

This bill allows French-language instruction for up to one half of the school day.

The Estates General of French Canada are held

The Estates General take place in Montréal, Quebec, from November 23 to 27, 1967.

A French section is created within a public school in Coquitlam, British Columbia

In response to numerous demands from the public, the Ministry of Education authorizes the experiment.

Saskatchewan amends its Education Act

The Education Act is amended to allow French language education, which had been banned in 1892.
First meeting of the Fédération des francophones de la Nouvelle-Écosse in 1969

The Fédération acadienne de la Nouvelle-Écosse is founded

The Fédération acadienne de la Nouvelle-Écosse is a not-for-profit organization dedicated to promoting the growth and global development of Nova Scotia’s Acadian and French-speaking community.
The Maritime Premiers pose in Charlottetown (Prince-Edward-Island). Louis J. Robichaud is on the left.

New Brunswick marks a pivotal moment in the recognition of language rights

Under the leadership of Premier Louis Robichaud, the provincial government passes the Official Languages Act, making New Brunswick Canada’s first and only officially bilingual province.

Quebec passes its first piece of legislation to promote the French language in the province

The Quebec government passes the Act to promote the French Language in Québec.
Portrait of Pierre Elliot Trudeau

The Official Languages Act is passed, and the position of Commissioner of Official Languages is created

In response to a recommendation made by the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, Pierre Elliott Trudeau’s government passes the Official Languages Act.