All events for 1910 – 1919
The Association canadienne-française d’Éducation de l’Ontario is founded
The Association is created following a meeting of delegates at the Monument National in Ottawa.
Le Patriote de l’Ouest is founded in Duck Lake, Saskatchewan
The Catholic clergy is instrumental in creating this newspaper.
Local chapters of the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste are established in Saskatchewan
Because they are a minority in Western Canada, French and French-Canadian pioneers seek to preserve their language.
Regulation 17 is introduced in Ontario
Regulation 17 makes English the only language of instruction in Ontario’s public schools after the first two years of school.
The Société du parler français en Saskatchewan is founded
The Société is created in Duck Lake, with the goal of bringing together French Canadians in Saskatchewan in order to promote, protect and defend their interests and their rights.
March 27, 1913
The first edition of Le Droit is published
The founding of the newspaper is closely linked to the Ontario government’s introduction of Regulation 17 the previous year.
May 20, 1913
La Liberté is first published in Manitoba
La Liberté is founded by Monseigneur Adélard Langevin, Archbishop of St. Boniface.
August 4, 1914
The First World War breaks out
When the United Kingdom goes to war, Canada—a British dominion—is also officially at war. The war deepens the divide between English and French Canada like never before. In 1918, the Military Service Act will impose conscription on all Canadian men between the ages of 20 and 45 for overseas service.
Volunteers form a French-speaking battalion during the First World War
The 22nd (French Canadian) infantry battalion plays a historic role during the war.
January 4, 1916
The Battle of the Hatpins breaks out in Ontario
Guigues Elementary School in Ottawa is taken over by French-speaking mothers and teachers.
March 10, 1916
The Thornton Act is passed, abolishing the bilingual school system in Manitoba
The bilingual school system is abolished and, along with it, French-language education.
The Bonne Entente League is formed
This marks the beginning of the Bonne Entente movement, which seeks to improve relations between English- and French-speaking Canadians.
The Civil Service Act causes a decline in the use of French in the federal public service
The Civil Service Act, 1918 reforms the federal public service’s hiring practices but ends up reducing the use of French in the government.
December 14, 1918
The Association des commissaires d’écoles franco-canadiens is created in Saskatchewan
The Association is founded at a time when the threat to French-language education is at its highest.
The Société Saint-Thomas-d’Aquin is founded
The Société Saint-Thomas-d’Aquin is the voice of Prince Edward Island’s Acadian and Francophone community.