All events for 1910 – 1919
Postal card of the Monument National in Ottawa (Ontario) in 1910

The Association canadienne-française d’Éducation de l’Ontario is founded

The Association is created following a meeting of delegates at the Monument National in Ottawa.

Le Patriote de l’Ouest is founded in Duck Lake, Saskatchewan

The Catholic clergy is instrumental in creating this newspaper.

Local chapters of the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste are established in Saskatchewan

Because they are a minority in Western Canada, French and French-Canadian pioneers seek to preserve their language.
Protest in front of Guigues school in Ottawa (Ontario), February 1916

Regulation 17 is introduced in Ontario

Regulation 17 makes English the only language of instruction in Ontario’s public schools after the first two years of school.
Logo of the Assemblée communautaire Fransaskoise

The Société du parler français en Saskatchewan is founded

The Société is created in Duck Lake, with the goal of bringing together French Canadians in Saskatchewan in order to promote, protect and defend their interests and their rights.
First building of the Le Droit newspaper in 1913
March 27, 1913

The first edition of Le Droit is published

The founding of the newspaper is closely linked to the Ontario government’s introduction of Regulation 17 the previous year.
May 20, 1913

La Liberté is first published in Manitoba

La Liberté is founded by Monseigneur Adélard Langevin, Archbishop of St. Boniface.
Anti-conscription parade at Victoria Square.
August 4, 1914

The First World War breaks out

When the United Kingdom goes to war, Canada—a British dominion—is also officially at war. The war deepens the divide between English and French Canada like never before. In 1918, the Military Service Act will impose conscription on all Canadian men between the ages of 20 and 45 for overseas service.
Metal badge of the Royal 22nd Regiment

Volunteers form a French-speaking battalion during the First World War

The 22nd (French Canadian) infantry battalion plays a historic role during the war.
Poster on the battle of the hatpins
January 4, 1916

The Battle of the Hatpins breaks out in Ontario

Guigues Elementary School in Ottawa is taken over by French-speaking mothers and teachers.
March 10, 1916

The Thornton Act is passed, abolishing the bilingual school system in Manitoba

The bilingual school system is abolished and, along with it, French-language education.

The Bonne Entente League is formed

This marks the beginning of the Bonne Entente movement, which seeks to improve relations between English- and French-speaking Canadians.

The Civil Service Act causes a decline in the use of French in the federal public service

The Civil Service Act, 1918 reforms the federal public service’s hiring practices but ends up reducing the use of French in the government.
 Collège Mathieu
December 14, 1918

The Association des commissaires d’écoles franco-canadiens is created in Saskatchewan

The Association is founded at a time when the threat to French-language education is at its highest.
Société Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin logo

The Société Saint-Thomas-d’Aquin is founded

The Société Saint-Thomas-d’Aquin is the voice of Prince Edward Island’s Acadian and Francophone community.