All events for 1900 – 1909
Indian School children, Mission at Hay River, N.W.T. 

English-language education is made compulsory in the Northwest Territories

In the early 20th century, the population of the Northwest Territories is predominantly of British descent, but there is still a strong Métis presence.

Instruction in French is partially permitted in Nova Scotia

Acadian children in Nova Scotia are now allowed to receive instruction in French during the first half of elementary school.
Mgr Adélard Langevin, founding member and first president of the Société historique de Saint-Boniface
September 4, 1902

The Société historique de Saint-Boniface is founded

The organization’s mission is to preserve the richness of French-Canadian heritage.
Cattle show at the 1955 Agricultural Exhibition.

The Evangeline area hosts its first agricultural exhibition

The Agricultural Exhibition promotes education and excellence in agriculture.

The Saskatchewan Act and the Alberta Act allow the limited use of French as a language of public instruction

Francophones of various origins settle in the newly created province of Saskatchewan, establishing numerous small villages.

The Union Canadienne-Française de Vancouver is founded

The Union Canadienne-Française de Vancouver is the first Francophone sociocultural organization in British Columbia.
September 1, 1905

Alberta and Saskatchewan join Confederation

Alberta becomes a province due in large part to the efforts of Sir Frederick William Alpin Gordon Haultain, a lawyer and member of the Council of the Northwest Territories and the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories.
The first "Campus Saint-Jean" at Pincher Creek in Alberta.

The Juniorat Saint-Jean is founded in Pincher Creek

The Juniorat Saint-Jean in Pincher Creek, Alberta, is a school run by Oblate priests for young men studying theology in French.
The historic church of Our Lady of Lourdes on Laval Square in Maillardville, British Columbia

Notre Dame de Lourdes is the first Francophone workers’ community in British Columbia

The community takes root on the banks of the Fraser River east of Vancouver.
Explorers at a territory that will become Nunavut. Joseph-Elzéar Bernier is the second one from the left.

Francophone explorers establish a Canadian presence in the territory that will become Nunavut

Between 1904 and 1911, explorer Joseph-Elzéar Bernier leads four expeditions to the Arctic for the Canadian government.