All events for 1870 – 1879
Métis camp on the Elbow of North Saskatechewan River

Talle-de-Saules (now Willow Bunch), Saint-Laurent-de-Grandin and Batoche leave their mark in Saskatchewan

These new communities, created by Métis families trying to preserve their semi-nomadic lifestyle, are established in regions that will later become part of Saskatchewan.
Portrait of Louis Riel

The Red River Rebellion, a popular democratic movement led by Louis Riel, leads to the creation of Manitoba

This is the new Canadian government’s first major crisis since Confederation.

New Brunswick passes the Common Schools Act, 1871

The Common Schools Act effectively removes public funding from separate Acadian schools.
St. Boniface, Red River Settlement

The Collège de Saint-Boniface becomes one of the first official institutions of Manitoba

Founded by Monseigneur Alexandre Taché in 1855, the Collège de Saint-Boniface was a pivotal point, a protector and a promoter of French life and culture.
St-Boniface Hospital in 1910

The Grey Nuns, a Francophone religious order, found the St-Boniface Hospital in Manitoba

The first hospital in Western Canada starts out with only four beds to meet the health care needs of the people of the new province of Manitoba.

The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba passes the province’s first education legislation

Catholic and Protestant school systems are completely separated.
May 27, 1871

Manitoba’s first French-language weekly newspaper, Le Métis, is published

Lawyer Joseph Royal, who bought the presses and equipment in St. Cloud, Minnesota, for $500 is the man responsible for the publication of Le Métis.
François-Xavier Mercier

Francophone trader François-Xavier Mercier goes head to head with the Hudson’s Bay Company

Mercier builds a trading post in the Yukon, and his efforts will have a major impact on the development of the territory.