The Supreme Court of Canada ruling in the Mahe case recognizes the right of parents belonging to the linguistic minority to manage their own educational institutions, where numbers warrant

The Court stipulates that section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was “designed to correct, on a national scale, the progressive erosion of minority official language groups” and to “remedy past injustices.

The Supreme Court found in favour of parents Jean-Claude Mahé, Angéline Martel and Paul Dubé in the landmark case that started in 1983.

The decision was a milestone in Francophone community development because it clarified the scope of the rights of linguistic minorities to have their own schools and manage them.

Following this ruling for an Alberta-based case, Francophone school governance slowly began to develop in other provinces and territories. Other Supreme Court decisions followed, including the Manitoba Reference of 1993, which led to Francophones’ right to school governance in Manitoba (Reference re Public Schools Act (Man.), [1993] 1 S.C.R. 839).