The Red River Rebellion, a popular democratic movement led by Louis Riel, leads to the creation of Manitoba

This is the new Canadian government’s first major crisis since Confederation.

The Manitoba Act, negotiated directly with the Government of Canada by Louis Riel and the Métis, acknowledged the linguistic and cultural duality of the new province. English and French had equal status in the Legislative Assembly and the courts of law.

The residents of the Red River Colony also gained guarantees protecting Catholic and Protestant schools.

Source: Unknown photographer, Library and Archives Canada, e011156648