The Arsenault-Cameron case defines the extent of minority language education rights

In its decision, the Supreme Court of Canada maintains that section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedomsis premised on the fact that substantive equality requires that official language minorities be treated differently, if necessary, according to their particular circumstances and needs, in order to provide them with a standard of education equivalent to that of the official language majority.

More specifically, the Court consolidated the principle of school governance by and for the minority communities, previously recognized in the Mahe case, and reinforced the collective nature of minority language education rights.