The Charter required the exclusive use of French on signs and in advertising. All businesses with 50 employees or more had to set up a francization program.
Access to English-language schools was restricted to children with a parent who attended elementary school in English in Quebec. And only the French version of legislation would be considered official.
Quebec’s English-speaking community viewed the law as a threat to their existence. Shortly after being adopted, the Charter was challenged before the courts, and several amendments were made. Despite these changes, thousands of English-speaking Quebecers no longer felt welcome and left the province. The percentage of the population whose mother tongue is English dropped from 13.1% in 1971 to 7.7% in 2011.
A large number of English-speaking Quebecers who decided to stay in the province would become bilingual over the years.