Each section was responsible for its own school system. This included selecting the books and equipment, determining the sort of religious education to be provided, and examining and licensing teachers. Because the population of the province was approximately half Catholic and half Protestant, each section received the same amount of financial support from the provincial government.
There was no law requiring children to attend school, and was it common for children to get no more than half a dozen years of education.
Between 1870 and 1885, French Canadians and Métis rapidly became the minority. Immigration from Ontario and Britain surpassed the number of French-speaking immigrants. As a result, although they made up more than half the population in 1870, Francophones accounted for only just over 10% of Manitoba’s population in 1886.