In two cases (Raîche and Forum des maires de la péninsule acadienne), the courts rule on the scope of section 41 of the Official Languages Act

The Courts twice ruled that this section, which deals with support for the development of official language minority communities, does not impose any specific obligation on federal institutions.

Following these decisions, the bill to amend the Official Languages Act, introduced by Senator Jean-Robert Gauthier, was passed in 2005. The amendment made section 41 enforceable.