Francophone explorers establish a Canadian presence in the territory that will become Nunavut

Between 1904 and 1911, explorer Joseph-Elzéar Bernier leads four expeditions to the Arctic for the Canadian government.

A defining moment came when he took possession of the Arctic Archipelago for Canada at Winter Harbour on Melville Island on July 1, 1909.

Source: Louis-Philippe Brodeur, Library and Archives Canada, Accession number 1981-054 NPC, PA-139394