1901

English-language education is made compulsory in the Northwest Territories

In the early 20th century, the population of the Northwest Territories is predominantly of British descent, but there is still a strong Métis presence.

There were also Canadians of German, Russian, French, Austro-Hungarian and Scandinavian descent. Most belonged to Protestant denominations (Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Lutheran); others were Catholic, Orthodox, etc.

It was not until 1984 that the Northwest Territories Legislative Assembly re-established French as one of the territory’s official languages.

Source: Dept. of Mines and Technical Surveys / Library and Archives Canada, Accession number 1960-125 NPC, PA-020022

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