1918

The Civil Service Act causes a decline in the use of French in the federal public service

The Civil Service Act, 1918 reforms the federal public service’s hiring practices but ends up reducing the use of French in the government.

The Civil Service Act, 1918 established a more stringent series of competitive entrance exams to encourage merit-based hiring of federal public servants. Candidates were now required to be assessed on their ability to work in English but not on their ability to work in French. This contributed to a decline in the quality of French-language services and in the overall proportion of French-speaking federal public servants.