1970

A series of social and political events take place in Quebec, culminating in the October Crisis

The October Crisis occurs during a difficult time for Francophones in Quebec, who felt victimized by the power Anglophones held in society.

On the heels of the Quiet Revolution, unrest was spreading among Quebec’s French-speaking majority, who felt that Anglophones held all of the top positions and essentially controlled Quebec’s economy. Public protests and demonstrations escalated.

Considering the political situation to be at an impasse, a radical independent splinter group, the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ), kidnapped British diplomat James Cross on October 5, 1970, and Quebec Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte five days later. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invoked the War Measures Act after the Quebec government asked him to send the Canadian army to help with security. On October 18, Pierre Laporte’s body was found in the trunk of a car. James Cross was released on December 3.

Source: Woodbridge Company Limited/Beck/Montreal Star, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1980-108 NPC, PA-151863

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