The International Organisation of La Francophonie (IOF), which has been in place as a working-level organization since 1970, held its first summit of IOF heads of state and heads of government in Paris in 1986. The following year, Québec City played host to the Summit, in recognition of Canada’s contribution to the international Francophonie and of Quebec’s place as the “
cradle” of French civilization in North America.
The IOF summit occurs every two years and has been held in Canada on three occasions: in Québec City in 1987 and 2008, and in Moncton in 1999. Today, Canada, Quebec and New Brunswick are members of the IOF, and Ontario has observer status.