Infographic: The French Presence in Saskatchewan
Text version: The French Presence in Saskatchewan
- 5% of the population (51,360 people) can speak both English and French
- French is the mother tongue of 1.5% of the population (16,373 people)
- French is the first official language of 1.3% of the population (14,440 people)
- 36,423 students are enrolled in core French (21% of eligible enrollment) (2015-2016)
- 13,868 students are enrolled in French immersion (8% of eligible enrolment) (2015-2016)
- 12 French-language elementary schools and 2 French-language high schools
- 1,603 students enrolled (2015-2016)
- The University of Regina is home to la Cité universitaire francophone, created in 2015 to strengthen the university’s French-language education and services.
Where do Francophones live?
There are three main French-speaking regions in the province: along the North and South Saskatchewan rivers, in the southeast and in the southwest of the province.
- Regina–Moose Mountain: 26%
- Swift Current–Moose Jaw: 13%
- Saskatoon–Biggar: 30%
- Yorkton–Melville: 3%
- Prince Albert: 27%
- Northern: 1%
Where were Francophones born?
- In Saskatchewan: 56%
- Elsewhere in Canada: 29%
- Abroad: 16%
Where were French-speaking immigrants born?
- Africa: 57%
- Europe: 22%
- Asia: 18%
- Americas: 6%
- Newspaper: L’Eau Vive
- Radio: CFRG FM 93.1 (Gravelbourg), and Radio-Canada ICI Première and ICI Musique
- Television: ICI Radio-Canada Télé and Unis TV
The Fête Fransaskoise showcases Francophone art, culture and music.
- The Rendez-vous Fransaskois brings the community together to discuss and celebrate its vitality and development.
- Fort à La Corne was built on the Saskatchewan River from 1752 to 1755, marking the westernmost French fortification. Members of the Roman Catholic Church arrived in the 1800s and established a mission at Île-à-la-Crosse, a trading post where a large population of French-speaking Métis gathered.
- In 1877, the Parliament of Canada amended the North-West Territories Act to add guarantees of parliamentary, legislative and judicial bilingualism. At the time, the North-west Territories included the future provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta.
- In 1891–1892, some members of the Territorial Assembly made an unsuccessful attempt to abolish parliamentary, legislative and judicial bilingualism. However, teaching in French was outlawed.
- In 1905, the Parliament of Canada passed twin laws creating the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The bilingualism guarantees granted in 1877 remained technically in effect, but were not applied.
- In 1912, the Association franco-canadienne de la Saskatchewan was founded. This organization, which is now known as the Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise, represents Saskatchewan’s French-speaking community.
- In the 1920s, Francophones from elsewhere in Canada and from Europe settled in the province of Saskatchewan. At the same time, many non-Francophone settlers arrived to work on the railway.
- The province’s Education Act was amended in 1968 to allow French-language education. Fransaskois parents were given control of their own schools in 1993.
- In 2003, Saskatchewan adopted a French-language services policy to support the community’s development and vitality.
- The provincial government declared 2012 as the Year of the Fransaskois.
- Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population
- Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey
- Fédération des communautés francophones et acadienne du Canada (in French only)
- Profiles of the Francophone and Acadian Communities of Canada
- Canadian Parents for French
- Conseil des écoles fransaskoises (in French only)
- University of Regina